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A Comprehensive Guide to Efficient Feed Delivery: Factors Affecting Feed Mixing in Australia


When it comes to dairy farming, getting the feed mix just right is a bit of an art form. It’s the golden ticket to healthy cattle, top-notch milk quality, and let’s not forget, a thriving farm. Every grain, nutrient, and supplement counts, and it’s all about that perfect blend to keep the herd in tip-top shape.

Now, you might be thinking, “It’s just mixing feed, how complex can it be?” Well, that’s where the unsung hero of the dairy farm steps in – the feed mixing equipment.

It’s not just about tossing a bit of this and a bit of that into a mixer. No, it’s about precision, consistency, and making sure every cow gets its fair share of the good stuff.

In the sunburnt country where dairy is a big deal, having the right gear to mix feed isn’t just handy – it’s essential. So, buckle up as we take a deep dive into the world of feed mixing, explore the gadgets that make it happen, and unveil the secrets to getting it just right, every time.

Understanding Mixer Wagons

Feed mixing is a critical component of dairy farming, ensuring that livestock receive a balanced diet that promotes health and productivity.

In Australia, where dairy farming is a significant industry, the choice of mixer wagons plays a pivotal role in the efficiency of feed preparation. Let’s delve into the various types of mixers available and how to select the one that best suits your needs.

Different Types of Mixers and Their Features:

  1. Paddle Mixer:
    The Paddle Mixer is primarily used for processing hay, straw, and silage. One of its standout features is the absence of dead spots, ensuring every bit of feed gets an even mix. This mixer is also water-tight, which is crucial in preventing moisture from affecting the feed quality. Its slow-moving nature is a deliberate design choice to reduce the risk of over-processing the feed, ensuring that the nutritional value is retained. Additionally, it operates on lower horsepower, making it a more fuel-efficient choice for many farmers.
  2. Vertical Mixer:
    Designed with either a single or twin cone structure, the Vertical Mixer is known for its unique method of mixing feed by throwing it in the air. This ensures an even blend throughout. It’s particularly effective for dry materials, making it a versatile choice for farms that deal with a variety of feed types. However, it’s worth noting that the uniformity of the mix can vary depending on the brand. Some models might not be entirely water-tight, so considering where and how the feed is stored becomes essential when using this mixer.
  3. Horizontal Mixer:
    Best suited for grain mixes, the Horizontal Mixer comes with its set of advantages and considerations. Some of its designs are adept at processing dry hay, while others excel when there’s a higher proportion of hay in the mix. However, certain models might have dead spots, which could lead to inconsistencies in the feed mix. Generally, this mixer requires higher horsepower, which, while providing a powerful mix, could also mean higher fuel consumption.

Choosing the Right Mixer for Your Needs

Selecting the right mixer wagon is not just about understanding the types available; it’s about aligning the mixer’s capabilities with your farm’s requirements. Here are some considerations:

  1. Herd Size: Consider both your current and future herd size. A mixer that’s too small might be cost-effective initially but could lead to inefficiencies in the long run.
  2. Feed Ingredients: Different mixers handle various feed ingredients with varying levels of efficiency. Ensure the mixer you choose can handle the types of feed you commonly use.
  3. Operational Costs: While some mixers might be cheaper to purchase, they could have higher operational costs in terms of fuel and maintenance.
  4. Durability and Maintenance: It’s essential to choose a mixer that’s durable and doesn’t require frequent maintenance. Having local mechanical support can be a significant advantage.

The choice of a mixer wagon is a crucial decision that can influence the efficiency of your dairy farming operations. By understanding the different types available and aligning your choice with your farm’s needs, you can ensure optimal feed mixing and, consequently, a healthier and more productive herd.

Best Practices in Mixing and Delivering Feed

Key Equipment Features for Efficient Feed Mixing

  1. Versatility of Mixer Wagons:
    In the Australian dairy farming landscape, the choice of mixer wagons plays a pivotal role. With over 24 mixers available in the market, including hybrids, it’s essential to select one that can weigh feed ingredients accurately, produce evenly mixed feeds, and reduce wastage. Whether it’s a paddle mixer, vertical mixer, or horizontal mixer, each has its unique features tailored to different feed types and farm needs.
  2. Integration with Existing Infrastructure:
    The equipment should seamlessly fit with the existing farm infrastructure. This not only ensures ease of operation but also reduces additional capital costs. It’s crucial to consider how the equipment will interact with current storage, delivery systems, and even the layout of the farm.
  3. Maintenance and Local Support:
    An often-overlooked aspect is the ease of maintenance. Equipment that is simple to maintain and has local mechanical support ensures minimal downtime, which is vital for consistent feed delivery.

Practical Tips for Optimal Feed Delivery

  1. Adherence to Manufacturer’s Guidelines:
    Always follow the machine manufacturer’s standard operating procedures for loading and mixing. These guidelines are designed based on extensive research and field tests to ensure the best results.
  2. Visual Inspection of Mixed Diet:
    It’s essential to know what a well-mixed diet looks like. Regular visual inspections can help identify inconsistencies in the mix. Ensuring that all members of the farm team are trained and aware of this can lead to better feed quality.
  3. Fresh Over Old:
    Avoid feeding cows fresh feed on top of old feed. This practice not only ensures that cows get the freshest feed but also reduces the chances of feed contamination.
  4. Regular Equipment Checks:
    Routine checks and maintenance of the equipment can prevent unexpected breakdowns and ensure consistent feed quality. This includes checking for wear and tear, ensuring all parts are functioning correctly, and cleaning the equipment to prevent build-up.
  5. Consideration of Feed Wastage:
    More than 30% of feed can be wasted using certain feed-out methods. Being aware of this and implementing strategies, such as using conveyor belting or head locks, can significantly reduce wastage and save costs in the long run.

By adhering to these best practices and ensuring that the equipment is in top-notch condition, Australian dairy farmers can achieve optimal feed mixing and delivery, leading to healthier herds and better yields.

Addressing Feed Wastage

Feed wastage is a significant concern for many dairy farmers across Australia. Not only does it represent a direct loss in terms of investment in feed, but it also impacts the overall efficiency of the farm and the health of the herd.

Understanding the common reasons for feed wastage and implementing innovative solutions can make a substantial difference to a farm’s bottom line.

Common Reasons for Feed Wastage

  1. Poorly Designed Troughs: One of the primary culprits of feed wastage is the use of troughs that aren’t well-designed. Inefficient trough designs can lead to feed being easily tossed over the sides or becoming inaccessible to the animals.
  2. Inconsistent Feed Mixing: If the feed isn’t mixed uniformly, animals might sort through and only consume their preferred ingredients, leaving the rest behind.
  3. Overfeeding: Providing more feed than the animals can consume within a certain timeframe can lead to leftovers that become stale or spoiled.
  4. Feed-Out Methods: Some traditional feed-out methods can result in more than 30% of feed wastage. This is especially true if the methods don’t account for the specific needs and behaviours of the herd.

Innovative Solutions to Minimise Wastage

  1. Use of Conveyor Belting: Implementing conveyor belting in trough designs can help maintain the trough’s shape, ensuring that feed remains accessible and reducing the amount tossed out by animals.
  2. Optimal Feed Mixing: Investing in advanced mixer wagons and ensuring that farm staff are well-trained can lead to more consistent and uniform feed mixing. This reduces the chances of animals sorting through their feed.
  3. Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitoring feed consumption patterns and adjusting feed quantities accordingly can prevent overfeeding.
  4. Improved Feed-Out Facilities: Designing feed-out facilities that account for the natural behaviours of the herd can reduce wastage. For instance, using head locks can minimise the amount of feed cows toss over their backs while eating.

The Human Touch in Feed Mixing

When it comes to feed mixing, it’s not just about the machines. Sure, they do a lot of the heavy lifting, but it’s the people behind them that make all the difference.

The Impact of Human Intervention in Feed Mixing

Think about it. You could have the latest mixer wagon, top-notch feed ingredients, and the perfect proportions. But if the person operating that machine doesn’t quite get it right, you’re not going to get the results you’re after.

Maybe they load the ingredients in the wrong order, or they mix it too long or too short. These small human choices can change the game.

It’s clear that the human touch matters—a lot. The way we interact with machines, our understanding of the process, and our decisions can either make or break the feed mixing process.

Training and Awareness for Farm Teams

So, what’s the fix? Training. And not just any training, but the right kind of training. Farm teams need to know the ins and outs of the equipment they’re using. They should be familiar with the manufacturer’s guidelines but also be ready to make on-the-spot decisions when things don’t go as planned.

And it’s not just about the technical stuff. Everyone on the team should know what good mixed feed looks like. That way, if something’s off, they’ll spot it and sort it out.

In the end, while machines are a big part of feed mixing, it’s the people who bring it all together. By understanding the process, getting the right training, and working together, farm teams can nail the feed mixing process every time.


In the intricate dance of dairy farming, the balance between state-of-the-art equipment and skilled human intervention is paramount. While advanced machinery, such as mixer wagons, offers precision and efficiency, it’s the human touch that ensures the nuances of feed mixing are addressed.

Operators must be adept at understanding the machinery’s capabilities and limitations, adjusting processes based on the unique needs of their livestock and the specific characteristics of their feed ingredients. Looking ahead, the future of feed mixing in Australia appears promising.

With continuous advancements in technology, we can anticipate even more sophisticated equipment that further reduces wastage and optimises feed quality. However, the role of the farmer will remain irreplaceable.

As machinery becomes more advanced, the need for skilled operators who can bridge the gap between technology and livestock needs will only grow. The evolution of feed mixing practices in Australia underscores the country’s commitment to sustainable and efficient dairy farming.

By harmonising technology with human expertise, Australian dairy farmers are poised to lead in delivering high-quality produce while ensuring the well-being of their livestock.



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